The War Between Good Cells and Bad Cells
When antibodies find the antigens on the abnormal cells, they bind (attach) to them. Once attached, the antibodies can recruit other cells to join the body’s immune response.
An immune response is how the body defends itself against the invading foreign cells (enemy cells). It is like an army being called to battle.
In this battle, the foreign cells are the enemy and the body’s immune system is the army. The antibodies and white blood cells are some of the army’s specialized troops, and the cytokines are like the generals that gather and organize the troops. They make sure there are enough troops (white blood cells) to fight the battle and that the troops are communicating with each other.
The Immune System Is Affected by Neuroblastoma
In a child with neuroblastoma, the immune system is weak (immunosuppressed). Neuroblastoma cells are also able to hide from the immune system.
If the immune system cannot find the cancer cells, then it cannot make antibodies to destroy them.